Advantages of audio lingual method
One of the language teachers major roles is that of model of the target language. This might lead to slight demotivation.
Audio lingual method pros and cons
The learning of a second language is not necessarily a process of habit formation where responses are elicited by stimuli, but also involves the cognitive. World War II changed everything. However, because of the dearth of trained native teachers who would provide a theoretical description of the native languages, linguists had to rely on observation. This method also similar to the direct method. The backward build-up drill expansion drill breaks down a difficult sentence into smaller parts. The third factor was the outbreak of World War II , which created the need to post large number of American servicemen all over the world. In this research we are going to study the following questions: What is the History of the Audio-lingual Method? The teachers presents a dialogue in the class. Brown, H. However, the disadvantages and negative implications can be overcome if a slightly more eclectic approach to second language teaching is taken. It is generally treated as incidental to speaking rather than as a foundation for it. If it is the latter, it does not matter what method is used in the classroom as long as ultimately, learners gain valuable communicative skills.
The use of visual aids is effective in vocabulary teaching. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Audio-lingual Method?
The structural linguistics view of language learning says that language is learned through awareness and specific attention to the patterns and structure of the language. Therefore, the teacher of a second language must be prepared to modify and adjust her methods to suit the different learning needs of the learners.
Main features[ edit ] Each skill listening, speaking, reading, writing is treated and taught separately.
Students had been taught a script, and people do not speak following a particular script. Language learning from the view of behavioural psychology on the other hand, occurs by conditioning and habit formation of accurate responses to stimuli.
In the video, the teacher uses repetition method to teach students. Using this method, the teacher would tell the students the correct way of using a certain grammatical rule for instance.
Audio lingual method pdf
Dialogue Memorization: In this drill, the students have to memorize a short conversation or dialogue between two people A and B , the students perform role A and the teacher performs role B, and then they change roles in order to perform both of them. Listening is important in developing speaking proficiency and so receives particular emphasis. Retrieved October 6, , from kendallhunt. Stimuli-responses are expected and correct ones are immediately reinforced as conditioning, concurrent with the views of behavioural psychology. Despite its limitations, this method will be useful to drill students with sentences, but not use this method fully in isolation. Then, they speak the language and proceed with reading and writing. Some hybrid approaches have been developed, as can be seen in the textbook Japanese: The Spoken Language —90 , which uses repetition and drills extensively but supplements them with detailed grammar explanations in English. The Audio-lingual Method has become in one of the most used and useful methods to teach another language, and it is because, as we have seen, one of the goals of this Method is to practice the language, and that is what language students need, to practice the language.
The use of dialogues and drills are effective in foreign language teaching as they helped students to produce speech Repetition can be helpful if there is a large number of students in the classroom and the teacher can use this method to build students pronunciation and speaking skills in the classroom.
In essence, the teacher should be creative in her strategies with the aim of increasing the communicative competency of the learners rather than teach by the book.
Changes in the beliefs about how people learn impacted the teaching methodologies being developed.
Advantages and disadvantages of audiolingualism
There are four parts: Repetition- the students repeat what the teacher says. Memorization of techniques suggested represent an approach that will enable student to memorize larger segments at a time and perform dialogues as a whole with more confidence. The tools used in this method are very helpful too, because the cues and visual aids that teachers show help to students to understand the exercises and drills, also, depending on how teachers use those tools, the class will be more interactive and less boring. Another principle is that the second language is best acquired by habit formation. With regards to learner motivation, the responsibility is shouldered by both the teacher and the learners themselves. Listening comprehension is most neglected in language learning. Example: Teacher: Tell me to walk to school Student: Walk to school Principles of audio-lingual teaching Foreign language learning is a process of mechanical habit formation. In the audio-lingual method, the emphasis was on the memorization of a series of dialogues and the rote practice of language structures. Language is taught through dialogues with useful vocabulary and common structures of communication. Example: Teacher: I walk to school Student: I walk to school Inflection - When teacher say a word, students say another form of one of the words back to the teacher.
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