An overview of the biographies of andrew jackson martin van buren and william h harrison

Richard P.

john van buren

The thousands who jammed Washington's avenues had come not so much to greet their new leader as to catch a final glimpse of the departing president, Andrew Jackson. Homewood, Ill. Replacing Calhoun as Jackson's running mate, Van Buren dutifully supported the veto message without endorsing its antibank animus or hard-money leanings.

He turned instead to a coterie of western advisers, prompting opponents to brand this group a "kitchen cabinet" and charge the president with violating constitutional customs.

9th president

Van Buren maintained a similar detachment during the three months of the nullification crisis. He rose through the ranks of New York Republican Democratic-Republican politics in direct opposition to the policies and paternal-istic tactics of the state's popular Republican governor, De Witt Clinton. The resumption of specie payments and the failure of the president's program placed Democrats on the defensive in the fall elections. This revolt fed on disagreements between the president and his state supporters. Homewood, Ill. In he was apprenticed to the lawyer Francis Silvester, and at age 15 he participated in his first court case, which he won. In Virginia, Thomas Ritchie remained outspoken in his criticism of an independent treasury and his defense of the state-bank deposit system. Fitzpatrick, ed. Here was a man willing to go to the people, to converse with them in simple, understandable language, to recount his military exploits, and to speak out against executive excess in Washington. Stinging though the cry was, it contained elements of truth. They would ask voters what Harrison's name would be when spelled backwards: "No Sirrah". Throughout the steamy summer months, Van Buren made preparations for this extraordinary meeting. The resignation of a former member of the Albany Regency at the outset of his administration would have embarrassed Van Buren and fed rumors of serious Democratic dissension.

He cautiously explained the origins of the panic, being careful not to blame state banks for the collapse. AfterVan Buren retreated into a long retirement at his Kinderhook estate, Lindenwald, watching as the slavery issue proceeded to tear the country apart during the s.

New Hampshire 's Woodbury had been a cabinet member sinceinitially as secretary of the navy. Jackson ignored this advice and abandoned states' rights principles in his proclamation denouncing nullification. Main articles: Tecumseh's War and Battle of Tippecanoe An Indian resistance movement had been growing against American expansion through the leadership of Shawnee brothers Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa The Prophet in a conflict that became known as Tecumseh's War.

Although a war might have provided a diversion, the president had no intention of abandoning his quest for a peaceful solution to the claims dispute, one that would avoid sectional discord.

Martin van buren quotes

In the ensuing confusion, one American died and several were wounded. Their margin in the House was so small that they had to await the outcome of six disputed elections before pressing Van Buren's program. Their campaign used the symbols on banners and posters and created bottles of hard cider shaped like log cabins, all to connect the candidates to the "common man". Their obstructionist strategy proved successful. In both houses, Democrats united to enact these measures after a minimum of debate. The Independent Treasury The president's primary concern was for the safety of government funds entrusted to state banks. This revolt fed on disagreements between the president and his state supporters. He drew up a seventy-five-page document, directing his New York supporters to renew their efforts at the grassroots level. With the subtreasury bill still in the House, the president did not want to anger congressional delegations from these key states. In leaving office, Marcy concluded that "the election was conducted chiefly with reference to the policy of the federal government. After , Van Buren retreated into a long retirement at his Kinderhook estate, Lindenwald, watching as the slavery issue proceeded to tear the country apart during the s. In celebrating their stunning sweep of the Empire State, they were already looking ahead to the next presidential campaign.

Awed by Old Hickory's commanding presence, Van Buren never became a close personal friend.

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William Henry Harrison